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Venous malformation is one of the most common types of vascular abnormalities.
Compared to normal veins that have well-developed muscles in the wall, venous malformations have very weak walls with less muscle. It consists of clusters of abnormal veins that are loaded with blood that do not function properly and are not utilized by the body. At Allure Aesthetic Surgery of Beverly Hills, our highly-experienced double-certified facial plastic surgeon and head and neck surgeon, Dr. David Shamouelian, specializes in the treatment of head and neck venous malformations.
Exact causes of venous malformations remain largely unknown. There are DNA studies that prove mutations in the genes are responsible for the communication between cell lining and the muscle cells in the vein walls. Venous malformations are not curable. Treatments are available for long-term control of venous malformation growth and management of symptoms. Venous malformation treatment is generally used to remove and close enlarged venous spaces and minimize symptoms.
- Prevents swelling
- Helps prevent further growth of venous malformation
- Prevents further trauma or infection
- Avoids serious symptoms and complications
- Reduces the risk and formation of blood clots
Types of Treatment Approaches
Venous malformation with no serious symptoms or implications may not require medical treatment. Minor cases can be treated by compression garments, while more serious cases of venous malformations require enclosure or removal of enlarged venous spaces. Below are some of the most common treatments for venous malformations:
- Sclerotherapy – This procedure involves the injection of sclerosant into the affected veins, damaging the veins and causing gradual shrinkage. This is usually performed repeatedly to cause complete and permanent shrinkage.
- Endovenous Laser Therapy – Often combined with sclerotherapy, this procedure involves placement of a diode laser fiber into the venous malformation. This results in a more rapid response and an easier recovery from the procedures.
- Venous Embolization – A procedure that injects embolization glue or coils to seal off the damaged veins. This is often combined with sclerotherapy or surgery.
- Surgical Excision – This procedure involves removal of the affected veins and surrounding tissues. It is usually used after sclerotherapy.
Aside from the possible risks associated with any medical procedure and surgery, here are some of the possible complications associated with venous malformation treatments:
- Reappearance and further malformation enlargement
- Internal bleeding
- Abnormal scarring
- Skin pigmentation
- Structure damage near the affected site
The cost of venous malformation treatment varies depending on the severity of the patient’s condition and the type of treatment that will be conducted. The cost estimate will be determined during your initial consultation at Allure Aesthetic Surgery of Beverly Hills. For more information about venous malformation or if you want to schedule an appointment, contact Allure Aesthetic Surgery of Beverly Hills at (888) 265-2335.